Free Religion Vs. Science Essay

Inherit The Wind: Religion Vs. Science

Inherit the Wind: Religion vs. Science

Stanley Kramer's film, Inherit the Wind, examines a trial based on the 1925 Scopes trial in Dayton, Tennessee. Often referred to as "The Trial of the Century" (Scopes Trial Web Page), the Scopes trial illuminated the controversy between the Christian theory of creation and the more scientific theory of evolution. John Scopes, a high school biology teacher, was arrested for illegally teaching evolutionism to his class. "The meaning of the trial emerged because it was seen as a conflict of social and intellectual values" (Scopes Trial Web Page). Kramer's film dramatizes this conflict between the Christian believers and the evolutionists in "Hillsboro, heavenly Hillsboro, the buckle on the Bible belt" (Inherit the Wind). Prosecutor Matthew Brady represents the values of fundamental Christianity while defense attorney Henry Drummond is the voice of reason and science. Although the two men have been good friends and partners in the past, the case in Hillsboro illuminates the difference in their values. Through the scene on the porch with Matthew Brady and Henry Drummond, director Stanley Kramer illustrates the incessant tug-of-war between religion and science. More specifically, camera angle and Drummond's metaphor of the "Golden Dancer" help deliver Kramer's belief in evolutionism.

As the scene opens, Matthew Brady approaches Henry Drummond, who is rocking peacefully on the front porch of their hotel. The tone between the two men is light and friendly and the bland music playing in the background helps to portray the easiness of the scene. The opposing lawyers converse in a genteel manner, unlike their relationship in the courtroom. In response to Brady's observation that the two old friends have drifted apart, Drummond says, "...maybe it's you who have moved away by standing still" (Inherit the Wind). Drummond implies that Brady's religious beliefs are narrow and stagnant, preventing him from considering any of the scientific discoveries of the twentieth century. As the two men continue to talk on the porch, the audience can see that they are rocking in their chairs at opposite tempos, pulling against each other as religion and science often contradict one another. At this point the camera angle is at face level, allowing each man half of the screen space. This equal division suggests Kramer's belief that society is based on a balance of religion and science.

Both Brady and Drummond agree that creationism is not a proven theory, and although Brady is a religious man himself, he places the people of Hillsboro in a class lower than himself. He explains, "These are simple people, Henry, poor people. They worked hard and they need to believe in something, something beautiful. They're seeking something more perfect than what they have" (Inherit the Wind). By this, Brady concedes that religion is like a fairy tale; it is not real, yet it makes...

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Religion has been guiding the society for thousands of years. People have been worshipping their “God and Goddesses with all devotion. People leave all their worries and anxieties and believe that God will solve all their problems and bless them.

Science taught human-beings to examine things scientifically. Science influenced people’s minds and ideas to a great extent.

There is close relationship between science and religion. Religion teaches us the principle of morality and science should always be guided by this principle of morality. Some people devote their lives to the study of this science and become great prophets. The scientific power becomes more and more effective and benevolent only when it is guided by religion and morality. Our atom bombs, hydrogen bombs are examples to show how the scientific power has been misused because of the lack of religion and morality.

Belief in God does not mean disbelief in science. One may believe in both and the time has come when the scientists have realized that religion begins where science ends. Sometimes the scientist is not able to fully comprehend the mystery of the universe and at that time he believes that there is some invisible power.

The scientific ideas should never persuade the people that there is no God and no religion because even the great scientists of the world have declared that there is some invisible power that governs the universe and they have said this in right earnest. We feel the presence of God and his invisible hand everywhere.

There is need for harmony between Science and Religion. Therefore it is now quite evident that science and religion should work together for the well-being of the humanity. The scientist with his belief in God and the principles of morality can achieve many things for the betterment of humanity.

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